Natural Law and a Constitutional RepublicQUESTION: Natural Law and the Founding of a Constitutional RepublicANSWER:
John Locke reminds us, “Where there is no law, there is no freedom.” This was at the heart of the American Revolution, grounded in Natural Law. Indeed, the first two paragraphs of the American Declaration of Independence are powerful statements of Natural Law and its importance in a free and just society.Natural Law and the Declaration of Independence (1776)
“When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.
“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.--That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, --That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness.”